Human error likely in frigate collision

Source: https://www.newsinenglish.no/2018/11/29/human-error-likely-in-frigate-collision/

Norway’s state accident investigation board issued a preliminary report on Thursday in which it found “no indications that technical systems did not function as expected,” prior to the dramatic collision between a Norwegian frigate and a tanker earlier this month. That suggests human error, investigators acknowledged, while noting that “no single act or incident” was behind it.

Members of the state accident investigation board released a preliminary report Thursday on what led up to the collision between the frigate KNM Helge Ingstad and the tanker Sola TS earlier this month. From left: Dag Liseth, William Bertheussen and Ingvild K Ytrehus. PHOTO: NRK screen grab

The collision in the early morning darkness of November 8 can only be explained, the board believes, by a “series of factors and circumstances” that are still being examined. The accident investigation board (Havari-kommisjonen) could not or would not answer most of the questions from reporters at a press conference Thursday afternoon, repeatedly saying that “we will come back to that after further investigation.”

One thing was made clear, however, by investigator Ingvild K Ytrehus: Norway’s frigate KNM Helge Ingstad mistakenly thought the deck lights fully lit on the tanker Sola TSwere coming from “a stationary object,” and not the fully laden tanker that it was sailing towards at fairly high speed. That turned out to be a serious mistake that will cost Norwegian taxpayers billions of kroner.

Clear weather and calm seas
It was a clear night when the frigate sailed south in the Hjelte Fjord at a speed of “17-18 knots,” and the lights of the Sture oil terminal were visible from a great distance, according to the report. Ytrehus said that when the terminal first became visible to the crew on the bridge of the frigate, however, the tanker Sola TS was still at the terminal’s pier with its deck lights ablaze as it prepared for departure.

“It was hard (for the frigate crew) to see the difference between lights from the tanker and lights from the terminal,” Ytrehus said. Even after the tanker started sailing from the terminal, the frigate crew thought its lights were coming from a stationary object, not a tanker in motion.

The frigate KNM Helge Ingstad grounded and then mostly sank after the collision with the tanker Sola TS. Efforts are now being made to salvage it, but they were interrupted by stormy weather this week. PHOTO: Forsvaret/Jakob Østheim

More details emerged in the report itself. The tanker announced its departure over marine radio (Fedje VTS) at 3:45am, right when the frigate was undergoing a duty shift on its bridge. The investigators also confirmed that navigational training was being conducted on board the frigate. It’s unclear whether the frigtate’s crew heard the radio report of the tanker’s departure. The tanker, which had been berthed in a southerly direction, made a broad swing onto its northerly course. Since its decklights were still on, the frigate reportedly couldn’t see the Sola TS’ navigation lanterns.

At approximately 3:57am, two minutes after a new duty chief had taken over on the bridge of the frigate, the pilot on board the tanker could see signs of a southbound vessel on radar, just north of the tanker. The frigate’s Automatic Identification System (AIS) was set in receiver modus (only receiving information about other vessel, while withholding its own identity), prompting the tanker’s pilot to call the marine traffic radio at Fedje and ask for the name of the vessel that was rapidly approaching it. When it wasn’t made immediately available, the pilot and captain of the tanker then tried to contact the frigate by other means, according to investigator’s report, “blinking at it with an Aldis lamp” while the pilot asked the captain to turn the tanker 10 degrees starboard (right).

Drama at sea
At 4am the marine radio traffic informed the tanker that the vessel approaching it was probably the warship KNM Helge Ingstad, prompting the tanker’s pilot to call the frigate directly and ask it to swing starboard itself immediately. As revealed on tapes of the radio communication published by newssite VG earlier, the frigate responded that it couldn’t turn right until it had passed an unidentified object it had on its starboard side. The report issued Thursday notes that the frigate’s crew thought it was speaking with one of three other northbound vessels in the area, not the tanker with which it was on a collision course.

Just after 4am, the frigate found itself just 400 meters from the heavy tanker, which heaved its engine into full reverse to slow its speed. When the frigate still failed to change course, the tanker’s pilot and the marine traffice central at Fedje demanded the frigate “do something,” but it was too late, and the two vessels collided. While the tanker sustained only minor damage, the frigate was knocked out of control, started filling with water and drifted towards land where it later grounded. The crew was evacuated.

William Bertheussen, director of the accident investigations board, called the collision investigation “complex” and “demanding.” PHOTO: NRK screen grab

The accident investigators called the collision “complex,” involving a chain of events that are “demanding” to sort out. “Our goal is to determine how this could happen,” said William Bertheussen, director of the investigation board. Its decision to issue a preliminary report was made, he said, “out of consideration for the public’s need for information,” and to both improve safety and hinder such accidents from happening again.

Even though the board has been able to quickly retrieve an unusually large amount of information, secure voyage data recorders and interview key personnel on board both vessels, investigators now must carry out “thorough examinations” of cooperation among those on the bridges, “human factors,” routines, traffic monitoring and management, language and communication and the technical, operative, organizational and strategic choices made by those on board. Investigators won’t determine any civilian or criminal liability, leaving that to the police and, eventually, the military.

The preliminary report was also issued just after Defense Minister Frank Bakke-Jensen controversially complained that Norwegian media had been asking too many questionsand should wait for the official investigation, results of which may not be available for another year. That in turn stirred up criticism not only from the media but from opposition parties in Parliament, who were demanding reasons this week as to why Bakke-Jensen and military leaders have been so reluctant to answer questions about the collision.

Bertheussen said the investigation board may issue additional preliminary reports if they feel it’s necessary for safety reasons.

newsinenglish.no/Nina Berglund

Greenpeace activists try to sabotage Indonesian economy

Source: Link The Jakarta Post

Greenpeace activists who last week prevented a tanker loaded with palm oil from Indonesia from mooring at Rotterdam port and earlier on Nov. 17 illegally boarded the same cargo vessel off Spain in protest at what they described as an ecologically damaging commodity could be regarded as saboteurs of the Indonesian economy. 

It is one thing to campaign to influence public opinion against unsustainable farming practices, but it is against the law to unilaterally and arbitrarily block the passage of a legal shipment of palm oil.

Hence, the demand by the Indonesian Employers Association (Apindo) and the associations of palm oil companies and smallholders for the government to take stern measures against the Indonesian chapter of Greenpeace is fully justifiable.

The campaign against palm oil has long been riddled with misperceptions, amid claims that palm oil has caused massive deforestation in developing countries, notably Indonesia, the world’s largest producer.

The debate over palm oil has not always been based on straight facts and has often been biased in favor of noisy demands from environmentalists who are unable to suggest workable solutions to the industry’s multilayered complexity, which essentially boils down to the issue of poverty-alleviation.

Meanwhile policymakers in Europe, under pressure from vegetable oil industry associations and green campaigners, have rushed to build up regulatory barriers against palm oil products entering their markets.

For almost two decades, palm oil has been a target for European agricultural interests, lawmakers and NGOs, with the European Union seeking to block the commodity both as a food ingredient and energy source, citing environmental and human rights violations in its production. 

So vigorous has been the negative campaigning against palm oil that we, along with several scientists in Europe itself, have concluded that allegations of deforestation, human rights and violations of workers’ welfare are a subterfuge to protect EU producers of vegetable oils such as soybean, rapeseed and sunflower, which have become increasingly uncompetitive. 

Another misconception is that palm oil is bad for health as its extracts can increase heart problems. But Bill Wirtz, a policy analyst for the Consumer Choice Center (CCC), cited in a recent article the findings of studies by the School of Medical Science and Technology of the Indian Institute of Technology in 2009 and the World Journal of Cardiology, that palm oil’s effect on blood cholesterol is relatively neutral when compared to other fats and oils.

The CCC claims to represent consumers in over 100 countries and monitors closely regulatory trends in Washington, Brussels, Geneva and other hotspots of regulation, and informs and activates consumers to fight for greater choice.

Even with healthier nutritional alternatives, for the sake of a fair market, consumers should be allowed to freely choose which fats they want to consume. It is certainly ill-advised to put labels on one particular product or campaign for a boycott on another. 

Banning palm oil in biofuels and severely restricting it in foodstuffs and other consumer goods, as the EU plans to do, while global demand for vegetable oils steadily increases, could even increase hazards to the environment and biodiversity.

The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) records that palm oil now accounts for over 50 percent of global vegetable oil consumption and has increasingly been leading the market as a result of the much lower yields of other vegetable oils, produced mostly in temperate-zone countries.

The latest report of the Switzerland-based International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) warned in a report released at a recent international forest conference in Oslo that completely replacing palm oil with other vegetable oils would be even worse for the environment.

The key factor, the report said, is that the palm oil yield is nine times higher than those of other vegetable oils. Hence other vegetable oils would require up to nine times more land than oil palm to produce the same volume of oil. 

Palm oil is currently produced from just 10 percent of all farmland dedicated to growing oil crops, yet accounts for 35 percent of the global volume of all vegetable oils and half of the world’s population uses palm oil in food. So if we ban or boycott it, other, more land-hungry, crops will be required.

Palm oil is widely used in food, cosmetics, cleaning products and fuel, and is cheap to manufacture. Growing oil palm is about 10 times more effective than growing soybeans or rapeseed. Such a productive and profitable crop would not be easy to replace.

It is understandable for Indonesia to proclaim that palm oil is here to stay. Palm oil contributes around US$20 billion to Indonesia’s annual exports and employs over 8 million workers in the estate-cultivation and processing industries. More importantly 40 percent of the estimated 12 million hectares of oil palm estates are owned by about 2 million smallholders.

Therefore international cooperation is urgent to help producing countries such as Indonesia develop new oil palm seeds with higher yields so that production can steadily be increased on the same acreage of land, thereby preventing encroachment into primary forests. 

Over the past 15 years the government has subjected the industry to tougher rules designed to make the commodity sustainable economically, socially and environmentally. Certainly the improvement is still an ongoing process as it not only involves crop cultivation but is part of broader poverty-alleviation programs and the empowerment of millions of smallholders. 

In fact, oil palm development is currently among the most transparent industries as its practices are periodically examined and monitored by auditors and constantly scrutinized by green NGOs. Palm oil producers are now held to Indonesian Sustainable Palm Oil standards and those of the international multi-stakeholder Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil.

Kotug demonstrates its remote-controlled tug at Innovation Expo 2018

Source: link

Kotug's latest remote-controlled tug demonstration included firefighting (Delft Dynamics)

Kotug has used the occasion of Innovation Expo 2018 in Rotterdam to demonstrate once again its remote-controlled tug development.

This time there has been the addition of a remote fire-fighting capability. In 1999 your correspondent witnessed first-hand the Gravesend-based tug Sun Mercia as it was completely enveloped in toxic smoke while fighting a fire on the container ship Ever Decent following collision with a cruise ship off the Kent coast. There was serious concern for the safety of the crew on the tug followed by much relief when the tug reappeared from the smoke and while such hazards are part of salvage operations it illustrates the human factor considerations required with close-proximity fire-fighting.

The technical feasibility of unmanned remotely-controlled tugs has been demonstrated on several occasion now including by Kotug and as well as eliminating risks to crews during normal shiphandling operations the concept could allow fire-fighting operations close to burning ships otherwise not possible for manned tugs due to smoke, heat and explosion hazards. Similarly, Robert Allan Ltd and Kongsberg Maritime are collaborating on development of the remotely-operated RALamander fireboat for ports.

This recent demonstration of remotely-controlled sailing along with remotely-controlled fire-fighting is a next step in the story that Kotug believes will lead ultimately to unmanned autonomous shipping: once again the training Rotortug RT Borkum was employed for the demonstration. Real-time sensor technology provides the ‘remote-control’ captain with the situational awareness required but Kotug point out that unmanned shipping does not yet comply with current rules and regulations, such rules needing to be amended before tugs can start operating autonomously. Kotug is using its Rotterdam simulator for further testing of unmanned operation tasks.

The demonstration was a joint industry project (with no external subsidy) sponsored by a number of stakeholders including: Alphatron for camera visualisation and system integration in the consoles; Kotug, project management and supported MAROF student with thesis “Remote controlled tug boat”; KPN, 4G data sim cards for internet connection; M2M Blue, data connection with VPN tunnel (4G and LAN combined); OnBoard, conversion of steering and engine control signals to internet protocol and vice versa; Rotortug, owner of RT Borkum; and finally Veth, steering and engine control system to take over from local console to remote control and vice versa.

By Peter Barker

Royal Navy ships could be controlled remotely by officers on land, says BAE Systems

https://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/2018/11/22/royal-navy-ships-could-controlled-remotely-officers-land-says/

Joseph Archer

The BAE Systems executive said advancements in AI could also have a serious effect on these Navy combat systems, which he has been designing for 30 years.
BAE Systems said advances in AI could also have a serious effect on these Navy combat systems. Credit: BAE SYSTEMS

Royal Navy ships could in future be controlled remotely by captains on land using new augmented reality headsets and artificial intelligence technologies being developed by a UK defence company.

The technology could pave the way for semi-autonomous naval vessels with much smaller crews, according to BAE Systems.

Transferring naval command rooms that are currenttly always on-board vessels onto land could reduce the risks to sailors and improve safety during combat, according to the British defence company

Frank Cotton, BAE chief technology officer for naval systems, said: “The concept of the future Navy control room that we are working with is that it will not actually be on-board the ship. We think this will work because we know that you can have pilots in a Texas desert controlling drones that fly over Afghanistan. So why not have the officers somewhere safe, instead of on-board?”

The concept is likely to take time to be adopted because it runs strongly against naval traditions which dictate that a ship’s captain needs to be on board but was already technically feasible, he added.

“I think the Navy would be very suspicious of the idea at first.”

Control rooms, or operations rooms, on warships are where all of the information that is continuously collected by the vessel’s equipment, including radar, sonar and cameras, is relayed to captains so that they can make tactical decisions.  

Unlike on-board control rooms where officers are usually seated, in case the ship is struck by an enemy munition that would knock them off their feet, in an on-land control room officers could be allowed to walk freely around the room, Mr Cotton explained. 

A mock up image of what the on-land control room would look like Credit: BAE Systems

The BAE Systems executive said advances in technology could also have a big impact on naval warfare.

The AI that Mr Cotton and his team are developing for the new control rooms could spot incoming threats to a warship and instantly prioritise them, so that commanders know which enemy vessels to take out first.

BAE Systems is investing £20m into AR and AI technologies to develop future applications for warships.

The company  plans to trial augmented reality glasses on the bridge of Royal Navy frigates, so it can be in use by officers by the end of next year.

The AR glasses will allow an Officer of the Watch, responsible for the ship’s safety, to work outside of the operations room and still be able to see tactical data and other vital information.

It will also mean officers will be able to look through fog and mist on the sea to spot ships and planes that have already been spotted by the ship’s radar systems.  

Mr Cotton added: “These technologies have the potential to transform maritime warfare and greatly increase the situational awareness and efficiency of crews on board Royal Navy ships.”

The AR equipment that the Royal Navy and BAE Systems’ will use during the trial will be Microsoft’s HoloLens headsets, that customers in the UK can buy for around £400 on the high street.

It will first be tested in March next year at a Naval military exercise in Southampton, called “Information Warrior 19”. The exercise is used every year by the Military of Defence to test out new hardware and technology in a fake combat scenario.     

Rotterdam and the Brexit effect

https://www.euronews.com/2018/11/25/rotterdam-and-the-brexit-effect

By Shona Murray• last updated: 25/11/2018

Rotterdam and the Brexit effect

Rotterdam, home to Europe s biggest port is watching the uncertainty in the UK over Brexit with real concern.

The port will employ over 900 new customs officials to deal with the extra checks required if the UK leaves the EU without a deal.

Voice from the business community are making their fears known in a bid to remind politicians to make sensible policy decisions.

“We are very concerned that we will see disruption in the event of a no dealm and again delays and so on and congestions. We are concerned and we need clarity,” says Annika Hult, Stena Trade Director, North Sea.

Officials expect a 100% increase in export inspections. Ferry operators warn of the end of seamless trade with Britain.

“The fallback would be a WTO scenario. If there is no deal reached, and what that would mean is that basically that there will be full controls and so on,” Hult explains. “Very much similar to trade with other third party countries where there are no other special arrangements,” she adds.

Stena Line, which runs four or five ships a day to British ports, is worried about delays to cargoes of fresh produce – fresh food, or even something more sentimental.

“Cut flowers. You should come here just before Valentines Day, it’s crazy busy and this is another example why it’s so important that there is continuous free flow. Because imagine if the flowers arrive on the 15th of February. That’s not very good is it, and we carry a lot of those flowers to make they are delivered on time, the bouquets for the loved ones for Valentine’s Day.”

Autonomous Vessels and Mariners

Source: https://www.workboat.com/blogs/international-waters/autonomous-vessels-and-mariners/

A Rolls-Royce rendering of an autonomous ship. Rolls-Royce photo.

A Rolls-Royce rendering of an autonomous ship. Rolls-Royce photo.

The buzzword at the Federal Aviation Administration regarding aerial drones (unmanned aircraft) is “integration.

In U.S. airspace, drones will never be commercially useful until they can fly safely when admixed with manned aircraft, which is why the FAA has already begun its Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Integration Pilot Program (IPP). The fact that the FAA is willing to consider this possibility is momentous, and now Uber, Google’s Larry Page, and top execs from Airbus and Audi are strapping themselves into the VTOL (vertical takeoff-and-landing) drone movement. There are prototypes now flying and the electronics are here already, so integration of pilotless aircraft into the national air-traffic system is coming, and faster than anyone could have imagined 10 years ago.

“Autonomous Vessels and Mariners” verder lezen

VIDEO: Saab and Damen to develop Expeditionary Submarine

OCTOBER 23, 2018 — Swedish aerospace and defense contractor Saab has joined forces with Damen Shipyards Group to develop an Expeditionary Submarine for the Netherlands Walrus Replacement Program.

In a press conference at the Euronaval event in Paris today, Gunnar Wieslander, Senior Vice President, head of business area Saab Kockums, said: “Replacing the Walrus-class submarines requires a unique approach. Swedish modular submarine design and production techniques coupled with the Dutch shipbuilding tradition bring together the capabilities needed to deliver an assured operational capability.”

“The result of the collaboration will be a customer-adapted submarine for expeditionary missions. This will ensure that the Royal Netherlands Navy continues to play an important role in European waters as well as globally,” says Hein van Ameijden, managing director of Damen Schelde Naval Shipbuildning.

The Expeditionary Submarine builds on the capabilities of the Swedish A26 and puts into practice the experience of the Swedish designed Collins-class submarine in-service with the Australian Navy.

In addition, the Walrus replacement will also benefit from the operational lessons reflected in the Swedish Navy’s Gotland Mid Life Upgrade. As a result the Expeditionary Submarine will be equipped with state of the art technology while benefiting from the de-risking on three submarine classes.

Saab and Damen say they are creating one of the most modern Air Independent Propulsion (AIP) submarines in the world, which if selected, will be done in consultation with the customer using a ‘design to cost’ approach.

The production process will see sections made in Sweden and then assembled at Vlissingen in the Netherlands. Having secured the cooperation of many Dutch companies, Saab and Damen are set to enhance the domestic submarine competence.

This cooperation will also extend beyond the Dutch submarine project, as the two companies see a growing market for this type of advanced conventional submarine.

Wilhelmsen aims to influence autonomous ship regulatory framework

Source: https://m.marinelog.com/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=30884:wilhelmsen-looks-to-influence-autonomous-shipping-regulatory-framework&Itemid=231

NOVEMBER 6, 2018 — Wilhelmsen Ship Management (WSM) has entered into two agreements that , it says, “will set the tone for operational and regulatory framework in autonomous shipping.”

“Wilhelmsen aims to influence autonomous ship regulatory framework” verder lezen

Innovative approaches to navigational safety for vessels

Source: https://www.governmenteuropa.eu/navigational-safety-for-vessels/90384/

A number of companies are coming together to enhance navigational safety for vessels, providing bridge personnel with a better understanding of their surroundings.

Innovative approaches to navigational safety for vessels

Rolls-Royce and Mitsui O.S.K Lines, Ltd (MOL) have verified that navigational safety for vessels and ships is now set to improve significantly through new machine learning technologies and intelligent awareness systems (IA), which will revolutionise sailing in adverse weather conditions, in the dark and in congested waterways.

“Innovative approaches to navigational safety for vessels” verder lezen

EDSS, an active decision support tool for the safety of ships in emergency situations

Ship’s captains and officers often report a substantial lack of the information necessary to manage an emergency situation onboard a ship resulting from a leak and subsequent flooding of the ship. Will it stay afloat? Is there enough time left to abandon ship? These questions are answered by the EDSS project (Emergency Decision Support System), led by MarineLAB, a Slovenian d.o.o, in partnership with SEASTEMA S.p.A., a Fincantieri group company that is a leader in marine automation systems. The project, co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund of the Regional Operational Programme of Friuli Venezia Giulia, also involved the University of Trieste, which operated through the Integrated Ship Design Laboratory (ISD Lab) and the Maritime Technology Cluster FVG, which coordinated and disseminated the results. Launched on 5 May 2017, EDSS improves the ability to make correct decisions in the management of emergency situations resulting from a leak and the consequent flooding of a ship. The development of this software was in response to there being a lack of such information necessary for the handling of such situations; something that was also recognised by the IMO, which had made it obligatory for large passenger ships built after 2014 to install on-board stability software that can optimize actions in response to damage.

However, current stability-monitoring software does not provide an effective decision support system in the event of flooding. This situation is a phenomenon that evolves over time, and often the riskiest conditions are hidden in the transitional phases. Thus, only a tool that can simulate the progressive evolution of the scenario as a function of time can answer the questions that a commander will be asking after a collision or grounding. EDSS answers these questions from the earliest stages of the emergency. Specifically, the instrument provides support to the “damage control team” with continuous monitoring of the stability of the ship, allowing the detection and assessment of damage and its progressive evolution. This makes it easier to take countermeasures by making it possible to predict their effect on stability and assess the consequences of actions that have already been taken. Born with the objective of developing an active decision support tool, that can provide information in real time so as to ensure the safety of ships in emergency conditions, EDSS mainly addresses the operational priorities of the various stakeholders (shipowners, shipyards and maritime industry) regarding the updating of international standards aimed at increasing ships’ active and passive safety. It should be remembered that the modelling of leaks is based on hypotheses and is influenced by uncertainties and unpredictable events, which could lead to a divergence between the simulation and the actual situation of the process of progressive flooding. In addition, the interested parties (software companies, shipyards, ship operators) have different visions and objectives regarding on-board decision support systems, and are often opposed. EDSS provides an innovative compromise solution between the expectations of the different stakeholders, introducing a new approach to avoid the risk associated with uncertainties. The reliability of the simulation is continuously verified based on feedback from the crew and an automatic system, which improves the reliability of the system while also increasing the crew’s awareness of the ship’s safety.

In the event that the software has trouble reproducing the actual evolution of events, the system is programmed to provide additional decision support, so as to detect any undetected water inputs and calculate the final equilibrium situation. EDSS can therefore improve the safety of the ship even in the worst emergencies, helping the captain to make the best decisions for the protection of the passengers and crew, and that of the ship.
Source: TheMediTelegraph